Believe it or not – the fingernails can be indicators for many diseases. They can give us a sign if something is wrong with our body. Furthermore, they can indicate the early signs of serious diseases, so we better keep an eye of them and notice even the slightest change. These are some of the signs that can be crucial for your knowledge about your overall health.
1. PALE / WHITE NAILS
If your fingernail beds are looking a little ghostly, you may have anemia, a blood disorder characterized by a low red blood cell count. In more serious cases, pale nails could also be a sign of liver disease or early diabetes, both of which can lead to impaired blood flow.
2. YELLOW NAILS
Fungal infection is one of the most common causes for the yellow color on your nails. If the infection develops further, the nails might thicken and crumble while the nail bed will retract, However, except for only a fungal infection this color may indicate to more serious conditions such as psoriasis, diabetes or thyroid problems.
3. GREEN NAILS.
This is very unusual but if your nails started to turn green this may be the case of a serious fungal nail infection or nail psoriasis. Lymphedema, tuberculosis, sinusitis and jaundice can also be the causes for this color.
4. BROWN NAILS
If your nails are half white and half brown this may indicate liver failure. Brown nails also result from malnutrition or thyroid diseases hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism).
5. DARK BANDS ON THE NAIL TIPS
Although it can be only a sign of old age, according to research it may reveal liver disease, diabetes or even heart failure.
6. DARK DISCOLORATIONS
If you notice painful growths on your nails or some kind of black streaks you should consult your doctor immediately. They might indicate melanoma, a very serious form of skin cancer.
7. SPOON NAILS
You have spoon nails if they are soft and scooped out. In most of the cases they indicate iron deficiency, anemia or a liver health condition called hemochromatosis (when your body absorbs too much iron from the food you consume). Spoon nails can also appear due to heart diseases and hypothyroidism.
8. CURVED NAILS
Curved nails form when a large nail bend curves around the tips of the fingers. The formation is slow and it takes years to be completed. Curved nails are triggered by hypoxia (lack of oxygen).
9. WHITE SPOTS
It is widely believed that white spots on the nails indicate vitamin deficiency. However, this is not true. “They’re often the result of minor trauma, such as if you whack your finger against something, and aren’t generally to do with calcium” – says Dr. John Anthony, MD, a dermatologist at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio.
10. VERTICAL RIDGES / HORIZONTAL RIDGES
These are a usual sign of aging and there is not a reason to get worried. Sometimes though, they can result as nutrient deficiencies such as B12 and magnesium deficiency.
Horizontal ridges on the other hand, also called Beau’s lines, can appear due to uncontrolled diabetes, psoriasis, circulatory disease or even severe zinc deficiency.
11. PAIN IN YOUR NAILS
If you often feel pain in your nails consult your doctor. Even though they look healthy, pain can indicate some of the above mentioned problems and diseases.